With the death of his grandson James II, Count of La Marche in 1438, the senior line of the Count of La Marche became extinct.All future Bourbons would descend from James II's younger brother, Louis, who became the Count of Vendôme through his mother's inheritance.Main articles: Descendants of Henry IV of France, Descendants of Louis XIV of France, Descendants of Philip V of Spain, Descendants of Charles III of Spain, and List of living legitimate male Capetians.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-default.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-center.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-left.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-right.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-none.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-collapsible.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .title,.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .main,.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .
Under the will of the childless Charles II, the second grandson of Louis XIV of France was named as his successor, to preclude the union of the thrones of France and Spain.
The prince, then Duke of Anjou, became Philip V of Spain.
The senior line of the House of Bourbon became extinct in the male line in 1527 with the death of Charles III, Duke of Bourbon.
This made the junior Bourbon-Vendome branch the genealogically senior branch of the House of Bourbon.
The royal Bourbons originated in 1272, when the youngest son of King Louis IX married the heiress of the lordship of Bourbon.
The house continued for three centuries as a cadet branch, serving as nobles under the Direct Capetian and Valois kings.By the 18th century, members of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty held thrones in Spain, Naples, Sicily, and Parma.Spain and Luxembourg currently have monarchs of the House of Bourbon.A cadet Bourbon branch, the House of Orléans, then ruled for 18 years (1830–1848), until it too was overthrown.The Princes de Condé were a cadet branch of the Bourbons descended from an uncle of Henry IV, and the Princes de Conti were a cadet line of the Condé branch.Both houses were prominent French noble families well known for their participation in French affairs, even during exile in the French Revolution, until their respective extinctions in 18.